Automatic mode: This mode will tell your camera to use its best judgement to select shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, focus and flash to take the best shot that it can. There is some camera auto modes that let you override flash or change it to red eye reduction.
Portrait mode: Works best when you’re photographing a single subject so get in close enough to your subject (either by zooming in or walking closer) so that your photographing the head and shoulders of them).
Macro mode: Lets you move your closer into your subject to take a close up picture. It’s great for shooting flowers, insects or other small objects.
Landscape Mode: This sets the camera up with a small aperture to make sure as much of scene you’re photographing will be in focus as possible. It’s ideal for capturing shots wide scene, for those with points of interest at different distances from the camera.
Sports Mode: It is ideal for photographing any moving objects including people playing sports, pets, cars, wildlife etc. Sports mode attempts to freeze the action by increasing the shutter speed.
Night Mode: Night mode (a technique also called ‘slow shutter sync’) is for shooting in low light situations and sets your camera to use a longer shutter speed to help capture details of the background but it also fires off a flash to illuminate the foreground (and subject).
Movie Mode: Extends your digital camera from just capturing still images to capturing moving ones. These moving images take up more space on your memory storage than the still images.
Aperture Priority Mode (A or AV): This is semi- automatic where you choose the aperture, then your camera chooses the other settings to ensure you have a well-balanced exposure. Small numbers mean the opposite aperture is large, and the depth of field will be small, and which means your camera will probably choose a faster shutter speed.
Shutter Priority Mode (S or TV):Shutter priority is very similar to aperture priority mode but is the mode where you select a shutter speed and the camera then chooses all of the other settings. You would use this mode where you want to control over shutter speed.
Program Mode (P): Program mode is similar to Auto but gives you a little more control over some other features including flash, white balance, ISO etc. Check your digital camera’s manual for how the Program mode differs from Automatic in your particular model.
Full Manual Mode: This mode is full control over your camera and just have to think about all the settings. You should have an idea of what you’re doing in manual mode so most digital camera owners tend to stick to one priority modes.